Towards the Modern Theory of Motion: Oxford Calculators and the new interpretation of Aristotle

Autorzy

Elżbieta Jung
University of Lodz, Faculty of Philosophy and History, 90-131 Lodz, 3/5 Lindleya St., Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3792-9799
Robert Podkoński
University of Lodz, Faculty of Philosophy and History, 90-131 Lodz, 3/5 Lindleya St., Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4524-2893

Słowa kluczowe:

John Dumbleton, William Heytesbury, Richard Kilvington, Aristotle’s philosophy, Natural Philosophy, Oxford Calculators

Streszczenie

The problem of the continuity of science from the medieval to the modern times of the 17th century, when Galileo and Newton developed the correct theory of mechanics, occupied historians of science from the beginning of the 20th century. Some believe that the fourteenth-century English scholars who created the School of Oxford Calculators and their French and Italian followers. with their solutions, laid the foundations for the development of modern physics. Others believe that medieval natural philosophy made no contribution to the development of modern science. The presented book is a voice in this discussion and an attempt to answer the question about the continuity of science. Considering how much has been discovered, edited and written about the Oxford Calculators, the book reviews and compares the results of our research with works of the other historians’ research into the intellectual heritage of these 14th century English thinkers in order to enrich and update the views on the Oxford Calculators’ natural philosophy in perhaps its most fundamental aspect – at least from the point of view of Aristotle’s philosophy – namely the subject of “science of local motion.”

The discussion are mostly focused on topics that were important to medieval thinkers and not those that could be most interesting from the modern point of view, and the research are directed on the Oxford Calculators’ tradition in science toward a prospecting of the innovative character of their teaching, and here first of all against the background of Aristotelian theories, and then the subsequent search for possible innovations which could have inspired early modern scientists.

As the conclusions of the research on the theories of Oxford calculators are still formulated mainly on the basis of analyzes of incomplete printed texts, the critical editions of Latin texts are offered. These are not only the most famous Calculators’ works, such as William Heytesbury’s De tribus praedicamentis: de motu locali or John Dumbleton’s Part III of the Summa logicae et philosophiae naturalis, but also of a hither to unknown work by Richard Kilvington, i.e., his question on local motion and the question on local motion written by the anonymous author of the treatise De sex inconvenientibus.

Bibliografia

Bergamo, Biblioteca Civita Angelo Mai 481 (IV 7)
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Brugge, Stedelijke Openbare Bibliotheek Hs. 497
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius College 499/268
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Cambridge, Peterhouse College 272
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Cesena, Biblioteca Malatestiana S. X. 5
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kraków, Biblioteka Jagiellońska 704
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kraków, Biblioteka Jagiellońska 621
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Dubrovnik–Ragusa, Dominikanerbibliothek 32
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinebibliothek, Amploniana Cms 2o 135
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinebibliothek, Amploniana Cms 4o 270
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Florence, Biblioteca Ricardiana 821
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Klosterneuberg, Stifstbibliothek 670
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek 1360
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek 1370
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek 529
Zobacz w Google Scholar

London, Library Royal 10. B
Zobacz w Google Scholar

London, Lambeth Palace Library 79
Zobacz w Google Scholar

London, Wellcome Historical Medical Library 350
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 23530
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Miscellaneous 221
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Miscellaneous 409
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Miscellaneous 456
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Magdalen College Library & Archives 195
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Magdalen College Library & Archives 32
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Merton College Library 279
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Oxford, Merton College Library 306
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Padua, Biblioteca Universitaria di Padova 375
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Padua, Biblioteca Universitaria di Padova 1123
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Padua, Biblioteca Universitaria di Padova 1434
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Fonds Latine 16146
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Fonds Latine 16621
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Paris, Bibliothèque Universitaire 599
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Praha, Národní knihovna České republiky 1291
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Praha, Knihovny pražské metropolitní kapituly R 396
Zobacz w Google Scholar

San Giminiano, Biblioteca e Archivo comunale 25
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. lat. 1056;
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. lat. 6750;
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. lat. 954;
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat.lat. 2136
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat.lat. 2138
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Venezia, Biblioteca Nazionale San Marco, lat. VI. 72(2810)
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Venezia, Biblioteca Nazionale San Marco, lat. VIII. 38(3383);
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Venezia, Biblioteca Nazionale San Marco, lat. lat. VIII 79(2552)
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Verona, Biblioteca Civica 2881
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Worcester, Bibliotheca Cathedral F. 23
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Worcester, Bibliotheca Cathedral F. 6
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Anonimus, Probationes conclusionum, [in:] Hentisberi de sensu composito et diviso, Regulae solvendi sophismata, Venetiis 1494.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Anonimus, Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus, Bonetus Locatellus, Venetiis 1505.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Averroes, Commentarium in De generatione et corruptione, [in:] Aristotelis opera cum Averrois commentariis, t. IX, Venetiis, apud Iunctas M.D.LXII.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Averroes, Commentarium in Metaphysicam, [in:] Aristotelis opera cum Averrois commentariis, t. VIII, Venetiis, apud Iunctas M.D.LXII.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Averroes, Commentarium in Physicam, [in:] Aristotelis opera cum Averrois commentariis, t. IV, Venetiis, apud Iunctas M.D.LXII.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Gaetano di Thiene, Recollecte super octo libros physicorum Aristotelis, Trevisio 1476.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Gaetano di Thiene, Recollecte super Regulas Hentisberi, [w:] Hentisberi de sensu composito et diviso, Regulae solvendi sophismata, Venetiis 1494.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Gualterus Burlaeus, In Physicam Aristotelis expositio et quaestiones, Venetiis 1501.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Gualteru Burleaus, Tractatus secundus de intensione et remisssione formarum accidentalium, Venice 1496.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Guilelmus Hentisberus, Regule solvendi sophismata, Venetiis 1494.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Johannes Buridanus, Quaestiones super octo Physicorum libros, Parisis 1500.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Iohannis Duns Scoti in octo libros physicorum quaestiones et expositio, Venetiis 1617.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Scriptorum illustrium maioris Britaniae, Basel 1557–1559.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomae Bradwardini Archiepiscopi Olim Cantuariensis De causa Dei contra Pelagium et de virtute causarum ad suos Mertonenses, libri tres, Opera et studio Henrici Savilli (...), Londini 1618.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Anonymous, Tractatus de maximo et minimo, J. Lonway (ed.), [in:] J. Longeway, William Heytesbury on Maxima and Minima, Chapter 5 of “Rules for solving sophismata” with an anonymous fourteenth-century discussion, Dordrecht 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Archimedes, On the Equilibrium of Planes, M. Clagett (ed.), [in:] M. Clagett, The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages, Madison 1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Averroes Cordubensis commentum magnum super libro De celo et mundo Aristotelis, F.J. Carmody, R. Arnzen (eds), Leuven 2003.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Averroes, Commentarium magnum in Aristotelis libros De anima, F.S. Crawford (ed.), Cambridge (Mass.) 1953.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Campanus de Novara, Elementa, H.L.L. Busard (ed.), [in:] Campanus of Novara and Euclid’s “Elements”, Stuttgart 2005.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Euclides, Elementorum libri priores XII ex Commandini et grecorum versionibus latinis, S. Horsley (ed.), Oxford 1802.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Euclides, Liber de ponderoso et levi et de comparatione corporum ad invicem, M. Clagett (ed.), [in:] The Medieval Science of Weights (Scientia de ponderibus): Treatises Acribied Euclid, Archimedes, Thabit Ibn Qurra, Jordanus de Nemore, Blasius of Parma, E.A. Moody, M. Clagett (eds), Madison (Wisconsin) 1952.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Guillelmus Ockham, Opera philosophica et theologica, G. Gal, St. Brown et al. (eds), St. Bonaventure (N.Y.) 1967–1995.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

In Aristotelis de caelo libros commentaria, J.L. Heiberg (ed.), [in:] Commentaria in Arystotelem graeca, vol. 7, Berlin 1894.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Johannes Buridanus, Expositio et Quaestiones in Aristotelis “De Caelo”, B. Patar (ed.), Louvain–Paris 1996.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Johannes Buridanus, Quaestiones super libris quattuor “De celo et mundo”, E. Moody (ed.), London 1948.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Johannes de Tinemue’s redaction of Euclid’s “Elements” the so-called Adelard III version. H.L.L. Busard (ed.), Introduction, sigla and descriptions by H.L.L. Busard, Stuttgart 2001.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jordanus Nemorarius, De elementis Arithmetice Artis, H.L.L. Busard (ed.), [in:] H.L.L. Busard, Jordanus de Nemore, De elementis Arithmetice Artis. A Medieval Treatise on Number Theory, Stuttgart 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jordanus Nemorarius, De proportionibus, H.L.L. Busard (ed.), [in:] H.L.L. Busard, Die Traktate „De proportionibus” von Jordanus Nemorarius und Campanus, „Centaurus”, XV (1970).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jordanus Nemorarius, Liber Jordani de Nemore “De ratione ponderis”, E. Moody (ed.), [in:] The Medieval Science of Weights (Scientia de ponderibus): Treatises Acribied Euclid, Archimedes, Thabit Ibn Qurra, Jordanus de Nemore, Blasius of Parma, E.A. Moody, M. Clagett (eds), Wisconsin 1952.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Ricardus Kilvington, Utrum continuum sit divisibile in infinitum, R. Podkoński (ed.), [in:] “Mediaevalia Philosophica Polonorum” XXXVI/II (2007).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Richard Swineshead, Liber calculationum: De medio non resistente, Venetiis 1520.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Richardus Swineshead, Liber calculationum: De loco elementi, [in:] M.A. Hoskin, A.G. Molland, Swineshead on Falling Bodies: An Example of Fourteenth-Century Physics, “British Journal for the History of Science” 3 (1966).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Ricardus Swineshead, Opuscula de motu, R. Podkoński (ed.), [in:] Richard Swineshead’s Theory of Motion, Łódź 2019.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Ricardus Swineshead, Tractatus De motu locali, R. Podkoński (ed.), [in:] Suisetica Inania. Ryszarda Swinesheada spekulatywna nauka o ruchu, Łódź 2017.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Richard Kilvington’s Quaestiones super libros Ethicorum, M. Michałowska (ed.), [in:] Quaestiones super libros Ethicorum. A Critical Edition with an Introduction by Monika Michałowska, Leiden 2016.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Richardus Kilvington, Sophismata, B.E. Kretzmann, N. Kretzmann (eds), [in:] The Sophismata of Richard Kilvington, Oxford 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Robert Grosseteste, De calore solis, L. Baur (ed.), [in:] L. Baur, Die Philosophie des Robert Grosseteste, Bishofs von Lincoln, “Beitrage zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalter”, Bd 18, H. 4–6, Munster 1917.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Robert Grosseteste, De colore, G. Dinkova-Bruun et al. (eds), [in:] The Dimensions of Colour Robert Grosseteste’s “De colore”, Toronto 2013.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Robertus Grosseteste, De lineis, angulis et figuris, [in:] „Die Philosophischen Werke des Robert Grosseteste, Bischofs von Lincoln”, Ludwig Baur (ed.), Münster 1912.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Robertus Grosseteste, Tractatus de luce secundum Lincolniensem (further quoted as De luce), [in:] „Robert Grosseteste and His Intellectual Millieu. New Editions and Studies”, J. Flood, J.R. Ginther, J.W. Goering (eds), Toronto 2013, pp. 226—238.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Robert of Chester’s (?) Redaction of Euclid’s “Elements”, the so-called Adelard II Version, H.L.L. Busard, M. Folkers (eds), Basel–Boston–Berlin 1992.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Roger Swineshead, Insolubilia, P. Spade (ed.), [in:] “Roger Swineshead’s “Insolubilia”. Edition and Comments”, “Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge” 46 (1979).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Roger Swineshead, Obligationes, P. Spade (ed.), [in:] Roger Swineshead’s “Obligationes”.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Edition and Comments, “Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge” 44 (1977).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rogerus Baconus, Communia mathematica, R. Steele (ed.), Oxford 1940.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

The First Latin Translation of Euclid’s Elements commonly ascribed to Adelard of Bath, H.L.L. Busard (ed.), Toronto 1983.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas Bradwardine, De futuris contingentibus, J.-F. Genest (ed.), [in:]
Zobacz w Google Scholar

J.-F. Genest, Le De futuris contingentibus de Thomas Bradwardine, “Recherches Augustiniennes et Patristiques” 14 (1979).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas Bradwardine, De memoria, M. Carruthers (ed.), “Journal of Medieval Latin” 2 (1992).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas Bradwardine, Geometria speculativa, G. Molland (ed.), [in:] “Geometria speculative” of Thomas Bradwardine. Text with critical Discussion.”, (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation), Cambridge 1967.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas Bradwardine, Opus artis logicae, De ‘incipit’ et ‘desinit’, Textus consequentiarum, J. Pinborg, O.L. Nielsen, N.J. Green-Pedersen (eds), [in:] Three logical treatises ascribed to Thomas Bradwardine, “Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen Age Grec et Latin” 42 (1982).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas Bradwardine, Tractatus de continuo, J.E. Murdoch (ed.), [in:] Geometry and the Continuum in the Fourteenth Century: A Philosophical Analyses of Thomas Bradwardine’s “Tractatus de continuo”, (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation), Microfilm Ann Harbor, Harvard University, 1957.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas Bradwardine, Tractatus proportionum seu de proportionibus velocitatum in motibus, H.L. Crosby Jr. (ed.), [in:] H.L. Crosby Jr., Thomas of Bradwardin. His “Tractatus de Proportionibus”. Its Significance for the Developement of Mathematical Physics, Madison (Wisconsin) 1955.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thomas de Aquino, Opera omnia, vol. 1–15, Roma 1882 – .
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Biard, Joél, “Albert of Saxony”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2019 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2019/entries/albert-saxony/>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Hanke, Miroslav and Jung, Elzbieta, “William Heytesbury”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =<https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2018/entries/heytesbury/>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung, Elzbieta, “Richard Kilvington”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2016 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/kilvington/>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

O’Connor J.J, Robertson E.F, <http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Bradwardine.html>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Montada, Josép Puig, “Ibn Bâjja [Avempace]”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2018/entries/ibn-bajja/>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murchoch, John “ Thomas Bradwardine”, URL= <https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/science-and-technology/mathematics-biographies/thomas-bradwardine>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Lewis, Neil, “Robert Grosseteste”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2019 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2019/entries/grosseteste/>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Spade, Paul Vincent and Read, Stephen, “Insolubles”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =< https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2018/entries/insolubles/>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Truhlář J. “Catalogus codicum manu scriptorum latinorum, qui in c. r. bibliotheca publica atque Universitatis Pragensis asservantur”, t. I., Pragae 1905, URL=< https://archive.org/details/cataloguscodicu03truhgoog/page/n625/mode/2up>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL = < https://archive.org/details/cataloguscodicu03truhgoog/page/n625/mode/2up>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL = <https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~slr/paradox.html>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Density_of_air>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Properties_of_water#Density_of_water_and_ice>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<http://catalogoaperto.malatestiana.it/ricerca/?oldform=mostra_codice_completo.jsp?CODICE_ID=219>
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://jbc.bj.uj.edu.pl/dlibra/doccontent?id=285039>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://archive.org/details/cataloguscodicu03truhgoog/page/n625/mode/2up>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://medieval.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/images/ms/abz/abz0284.gif>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://medieval.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/images/ms/abz/abz0285.gif>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://medieval.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/images/ms/abz/abz0286.gif>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://archivesetmanuscrits.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cc656303>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<http://www.nuovabibliotecamanoscritta.it/Generale/ricerca/mostraImmagine.html?codice=60262&codiceMan=65406&codiceDigital=0&tipoRicerca=S&urlSearch=area1%3D3267>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~slr/paradox.html.>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

URL=<https://www.britannica.com/science/mathematics/The-transmission-of-Greek-and-Arabic-learning#ref 536236>.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Aristotelismo veneto e scienza moderna”, L. Olivieri (ed.), t. 1–2, Padua 1983.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“”Articles on Aristotle, J. Barnes, M. Schofield, R. Sorabji (eds), New York 1979.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Beaujouan G., Medieval Science in the Christian West, [in:] “Ancient and Medieval Science”, R. Taton (ed.), London 1963.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Bottin F., Analisi linguistica e fisica Aristotelica nei ‘Sophysmata’ di Ricard Kilmyngton, [in:] “Filosofia e Politica, et altri sagii”, C. Giacon (ed.), Padua 1973.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Boyer C.B., “A History of Mathematics”, New York 1997.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Brodrick G.C., “Memorials of Merton College with biographical notices of the wardens and fellows”, Oxford 1884.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Calendar on Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland,” vol. 1–2, London 1895.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Caroti S., Da Walter Burley al ‘Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus’. La tradizione inglese della discussione medievale ‘De reactione’, “Medioevo. Rivista di Storia della Filosofia Medievale” 21 (1995).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Carruthers M., Ziolkowski J., The Medieval Craft of Memory, [in:] “An Antology of Texts and Pictures”, M. Carruthers, J. Ziolkowski (eds), Philadelphia 2002.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Celeyrette J., Bradwardine’s Rule: A Mathematical Law?, [in:] “Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution”, W.R. Laird, S. Roux (eds), (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science, 254), Dordrecht 2008.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Chambre W., “Continuatio Historiae Dunelmensis”, Newcastle 1839.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., “Nicole Oresme and the medieval geometry of qualities and motions: A treatise on the uniformity and difformity of intensities known as Tractatus de configurationibus qualitatum et motuum”, Madison 1968.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., “Archimedes in the Middle Ages”, vol. 1–5, Madison 1964–1980.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., “Giovanni Marliani and the Late Medieval Physics”, New York 1967.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., “Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages”, Madison (Wisconsin) 1961.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., The Impact of Archimedes on Medieval Science, “Isis” 50 (1959).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., The Medieval Latin Translation from the Arabic of the „Elements” of Euclid with Special Emphasis on the Version of Adelard of Bath, “Isis” XLIV (1953).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Clagett M., Moody E.A., “The Medieval Science of Weights,” Madison 1952.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Cohen H., “The Scientific Revolution. A Historiographical Inquiry”, Chicago 1994.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Courtenay W.J., The Involvement of Logic in Late Medieval Natural Philosophy, [in:] “Studies in Medieval Natural Philosophy”, S. Caroti (ed.), Firenze 1989.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Courtenay W.J., The Role of English Thought in the Transformation of University Education in the Late Middle Ages, [in:] “Rebirth, Reform, and Resilence. Universities in Transition 1300–1700”, J.M. Kittelson, P.J. Transue (eds), Columbus (Ohio) 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Courtenay W.J., Force of Words and Figures of Speech: The Crisis over Virtus sermonis in the Fourteenth Century, “Franciscan Studies”, 22 (1984).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Courtenay W.J., “Schools and Scholars in Fourteenth-Century England”, Princeton 1987.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Courtenay W.J., The Academic and Intellectual Worlds of Ockham, [in:] “The Cambridge Companion to Ockham”, P.V Spade (ed.), Cambridge 1999.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Crombie A., The Significance of Medieval Discussions of Scientific Revolution, [in:] “The Critical Problems in the History of Science”, M. Clagett (ed.), Madison (Wisconsin) 1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Crombie A., “Medieval and Early Modern Science”, vol. 1–2, Oxford 1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Crombie A.C., Grosseteste’s Position in the History of Science, [in:] “Robert Grosseteste: Scholar and Bishop”, D. Angelo, P. Callos (eds), Oxford 1955.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Crosby H.L.Jr., “Thomas Bradwardine: His Tractatus de Proportionibus. Its Significance for Development of Mathematical Physics”, Madison (Wisconsin) 1955.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Damerow P. et al., “Exploring the limits of preclasical mechanics”, New York–London 1992.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Davis J., “Ockham’s on Aristotle’s „Physics”, St. Bonaventure, New York 1989.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Die Philosophie im 14 und 15 Jahrhundert. In memoriam Konstanty Michalski (1879–1947)”, O. Pluta (ed.), Amsterdam 1988.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Dod B.G, Aristoteles Latinus, [in:] “The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Desintegration of Scholasticism”, N. Kretzmann, A. Kenny, J. Pinborg (eds), Cambridge 1982.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Dolnikowski E., “Thomas Bradwardine. A View of Time and a Vision of Eternity in Fourteenth-Century Thought”, Leiden 1995.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Drake S., Bradwardine’s function, mediate denomination and multiple continua, “Physis” 12 (1970).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Drake S., Uniform Acceleration, Space and Time, “British Journal for the History of Science” 5/1 (1970).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Duhem P., “Études sur Léonard de Vinci”, vol. 1–3, Paris 1906–1913.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Duhem P., “Le système du monde”, t. 1–10, Paris 1906–1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Duhem P., La dialectique du Oxford et la Scolastique italienne, “Bulletin Italien” 12 (1912).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Emden A.B., “A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500”, vol. 1–3, Oxford 1957–1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Essays in Honor of Jaakko Hintikka”, E. Saarinen et al. (eds), Dordrecht 1979.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Etzkorn G.J., “Iter Vaticanum Franciscanum: a description of some one hundred manuscripts of the Vaticanus Latinus collections”, Leiden–New York 1998.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Fernández-Walker G., A New Source of Nicholas of Autrecourt’s ‘Quaestio’: The Anonymous ‘Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus’, “Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale” 55 (2013).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Filosofia e scienze nella tarda scolastica: Studi sul XIV secolo in memoria di Annelise Maier”, A. Maierú, A. Paravicini Bagliani (eds), Roma 1981.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Freddoso A.J., Ockham on Faith and Reason, [in:] “The Cambridge Companion to Ockham”, P.V Spade (ed.), Cambridge 1999.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“From Ockham to Wyclif”, A. Hudson, M. Wilks (eds), Oxford 1987.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Funkenstein A., “Theology and the Scientific Imagination from the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century”, Princeton 1986.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Genest J.-F., Tachau K., La lecture de Thomas Bradwardine sur les Sentences, “Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Littaeraire du Moyen Age” 57 (1990).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Gilbert N., Richard de Bury and the „Quires of Yesterday Sophims”, [in:] “Philosophy and Humanism Renaissance. Essays in honor of. P. O. Kristeller”, E. Mahoney (ed.), Columbia 1976.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Glasner R., “Averroes’ Physics. A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy”, Oxford 2009.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Goddu A., “The physics of William of Ockham”, Leiden 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Goetlib Wilhelm Leibniz, “Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe”, Bd. 13, Berlin 1987.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., “Much Ado About Nothing. Theories of Space and Vacuum from the Middle Ages to the Scientific Revolution”, Cambridge 1981.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., “Studies in Medieval Science and Natural Philosophy. Collected papers”, London 1981.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., “The Nature of Natural Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages”, Washington 2010.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., Bradwardine and Galileo Equality of Velocities in the Void, “Archives for History of Exact Sciences” 2/3 (1964).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., Late Medieval Thought, Copernicus, and the Scientific Revolution, “Journal of the History of Ideas” 23 (1962).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., Medieval and seventeenth-Century Conceptions of an Infinite Void Space beyond the Cosmos, “Isis”, 60 (1969).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grant E., Motion in a Void and the Principle of Inertia in the Middle Ages, “Isis” 55 (1964).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Grellard C., L’usage des nouveaux langages d’analyse dans la quaestio de Nicolas d’Autrécourt. Contribution à la théorie autrécourienne de la connaissance, [in:] “Quia inter doctores est magna dissensio. Les débats de philosophie naturelle à Paris au XIVe siècle”, S. Caroti, J. Celeyrette (eds), Firenze 2004.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Heuser W., With an O and an I, “Anglia” 27 (1904).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Hoskin M.A., Molland A.G., Swineshead on Falling Bodies: An Example of Fourteenth-Century Physics, “British Journal for the History of Science” 3 (1966).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Hugonnard-Roche H., Analyse sémantique et analyse secundum imaginationem dans la physique Parisienne au XIV siecle, [in:] “Studies in Medieval Natural Philosophy”, S. Caroti, Firenze (ed.) 1989.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Infinity and Continuity in Ancient and Medieval Thought”, N. Kretzmann (ed.), Ithaca, New York 1982.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., “Arystoteles na nowo odczytany. Kwestie o ruchu Ryszarda Kilvingtona”, Łódź 2014.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., “Między filozofią przyrody a nowożytnym przyrodoznawstwem. Ryszard Kilvington i fizyka matematyczna w średniowieczu”, Łódź 2002.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., “Zmiany ilościowe i ich miara w traktacie O sześciu niedorzecznościach, (Research on Science & Natural Philosophy, vol. 3), Łódź 2019.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Determinism and Freedom in Thomas Bradwardine’s View, [in:] “If God exists… Human freedom and theistic thesis”, A. Stefańczyk, R. Majeran (eds), Lublin 2019.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Mathematics and the Secundum Imaginationem Procedure in Richard Kilvington, „Przegląd Tomistyczny” 22 (2016).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Physical Forms and Matter, [in:] “A Companion to Walter Burley. Late Medieval Logician and Metaphysocian”, A. Conti (ed.), Leiden–Boston 2013.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Why was Mediewal Science Doomed?, [in:] “Herbst de Mittelalters”? Fraget zur Bewertung des 14. und 15. Jahnhunderts”, “Miscellanea Medievalia” 30 (2004), Berlin–New York 2004.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Works by Richard Kilvington, “Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Littaeraire du Moyen Age” 67 (2000).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., The New Interpretation of Aristotle. Richard Kilvington, Thomas Bradwardine and the New Rule of Motion, [in:] “Quantifying Aristotle. The Impact, Spread, and Decline of the Calculatores Tradition”, D.A. Di Liscia, E.D. Sylla (eds), Leiden–Boston (forthcoming).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung[-Palczewska] E., From Oxonian Sources to Parisian Rebellion: Attempts to Overcome Aristotelianism in Fourteenth-Century Physics, [in:] “Bilan et perspectives des etudes medievales (1993–1998)”, Leiden 2004.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung[-Palczewska] E., Motion in a Vacuum and in a Plenum in Richard Kilvington’s Question Utrum aliquod corpus simplex posset moveri aeque velociter in vacuo et in pleno from the “Commentary on the Physics”, “Miscellanea Mediaevalia” 25 (1998).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung[-Palczewska] E., The Concept of Time in Richard Kilvington, [in:] “Tempus, Aevum, Eternity. La Conzettualizzazione del tempo nel Pensiero Tardomiedievale”, L. Cova and G. Alliney (eds), Firenze 2000.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung[-Palczewska] E., Works by Richard Kilvington, „Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Litteraire du Moyen Age” 67 (2000).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Podkoński R., The Transmission of English Ideas in the Fourteenth Century—the Case of Richard Kilvington, “Mediaevalia Philosophica Polonorum” 37/3 (2009).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Podkoński R., Richard Kilvington on continuity, [in:] “Atomism in Late Medieval Philosophy and Theology”, C. Grellard, A. Robert (eds), Leiden–Boston 2009.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Jung E., Podkoński R., Richard Kilvington on Proportions, [in:] “Mathèmatiques et thèorie du mouvement XIVe-XVIe siècle”, J. Biard, S. Rommevaux (eds), Tour 2008.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kaluza Z., “Nicolas d’Autrécourt. Ami de la vérité” (Histoire Littéraire de la France 42.1), Paris 1995.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Katz B.D., On a „Sophisma” of Richard Kilvington and a Problem of Analysis, “Medieval Philosophy and Theology” 5 (1996).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kilcullen J., The Political Writings, [in:] “The Cambridge Companion to Ockham”, P.V Spade (ed.), Cambridge 1999.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

King P., Mediaeval Thought-Experiments: The Metamethodology of Mediaeval Science, [in:] “Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy, T. Horowitz, G.J. Massey (eds), Lanham 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kline M., “Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times”, Oxford 1972.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Knorr W.R., Archimedes and the Pre-Euclidean Proportion Theory, “Archives International d’Histoire des Sciences” 28/103 (1978).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kretzmann N., Incipit/Desinit, [in:] “Motion and Time, Space and Matter”, P. Machamer, R. Turnbull (eds), Cleveland 1976.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Kretzmann N., Kretzmann B.E., The „Sophismata” of Richard Kilvington (Introduction), Oxford 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“La nouvelle physique du XIVe siècle”, S. Caroti, P. Soufrin (eds), Firenze 1997.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Lang H.S., “Aristotle’s “Physics” and Its Medieval Varieties”, New York 1992.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Laughlin Mc M., “William of Ockham. The Metamorphosis of Scholastic Discourse”, Manchester 1975.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Leibnizens Gessamelte Werke, aus den Handschriften der Königlichen
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Bibliothek zu Hannover”, G.H. Pertz (ed), B. IV. Halle 1859.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Lewis C., “The Merton Tradition and Kinematics in Late Sixteenth and Early
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sevententh Century Italy”, Padova 1980.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Lindberg D., On the Applicability of Mathematics to Nature: Roger Bacon and His
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Predecessors, “British Journal for the History of Science” 15 (1982).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Livesey S.J., The Oxford Calculatores, Quantification of Qualities and Aristotle’s Prohibision of Metabasis, “Vivarium” XXIV (1986).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Longeway J., “William Heytesbury on Maxima and Minima. Chapter 5 of ‘Rules for solving sophismata’ with an anonymous fourteenth-century discussion”, Dordrecht 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Maier A., “An der Grenze von Scholastic und Naturwissenschaft. Studien zur Naturphilosophie des 14. Jahrhunderts”, ed. II, Roma: Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1952.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Maier A., “Ausgehendes Mittelalters”, Rome 1964.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Maier A., “Die Vorläufer Galileis im 14. Jahrhundert. Studien zur Naturphilosophie der Spätscholastik”, Roma: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1949.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Maier A., “Zwischen Philosophie und Mechanik”, Roma 1958.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Mardoch J.E., From Social into Intellectual Factors: An Aspect of the Unitary Character of Late Medieval Learning, [in:] “The Cultural Context of Medieval Learning. Proceedings of the First International Colloquium on Philosophy, Science, and Theology in the Middle Ages — September 1973”, J.E. Murdoch, E.D. Sylla (eds), Dordrech 1975.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Mathematics and its applications to science and natural philosophy in the Middle Ages”, E. Grant, J. Murdoch (eds), Cambridge 1987.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Meaning and Inference in Medieval Philosophy”, N. Kretzmann (ed.), Dordrecht 1988.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Medieval Philosophy”, J. Marenbon (ed.), [in:] “The Routledge History of Philosophy”, vol. 3, London 1998.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Michalski K., La physique nouvelle et les différents courants philosophiques au XIV s., “Bulletin International de l’Académie Polonaise des Sciences et de Lettres, Classe d’Histoire et de la philosophie” 7 (1927), 10 (1928).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Molland A.G., The Geometrical Background on the ‘Merton School, “British Journal for the History of Science” 4 (1968–1969).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Molland G., John Dumbleton and the status of geometrical optics, [in:] “Mathematics and the medieval ancestry of physics. Collected papers”, London 1995.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Moody E., “Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Science, and Logic. Collected Papers, 1933–1969”, Berkeley 1975.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Motion and Time, Space and Matter”, P. Machamer, R. Turnbull (eds), Cleveland (Ohio) 1976.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., The Medieval Language of Proportions: Elements of the Interaction with Greek Foundations and the Development of New Mathematical Techniques, [in:] “Scientific Change. Historical Studies in the Intellectual, Social and Technical Conditions for Scientific Discovery and Technical Invention, from Antiquity to the Present. Symposium on the History of Science, University of Oxford 9-15 July 1961”, London 1963.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., Euclides Graeco-Latinus. A Hithero Unknown Medieval Latin Translation of the „Elements” Made Directly from the Greek, “Harvard Studies in Classical Philology” 71 (1967).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., Infinite Times and Spaces in the Later Middle Ages, “Miscellanea Mediaevalia” 25 (1998).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., Mathesis in Philosophiam Scholasticam Introducta: The Rise and Developement of the Application of Mathematics in Fourteenth-Century Philosophy and Theolog y, [in:] “Arts liberaux et philosophie au moyen âge. Actes du quatrième congres international de philosophie médiévale”, Montrèal 1969.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., Philosophy and the Enterprise of Science in the Lates Middle Ages, [in:] “The Interaction between Science and Philosophy”, Y. Elkana (ed.), Atlantic Highlands (N.Y.) 1974.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., Sylla E.D., Swineshead, [in:] “Dictionary of Scientific Biography”, Vol. 13, H. Staudinger, G. Veronese (eds), New York 1976.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., The Analytical Character of Late Medieval Learning: Natural Philosophy without Nature, [in:] “Approaches to Nature in the Middle Ages”, L.D. Roberts (ed.), Binghamton (N.Y.) 1982
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Murdoch J.E., The Medieval Euclid: Salient Aspects of the Translations of the „Element” by Adelard of Bath and Campanus of Novara, “Revue de Synthese” 49 (1968).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

North W., The Fourteenth Century, [in: ] “The History of Medieval Philosophy”, J.I. Catto (ed.), Cambridge 1992.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

P.V. Spade, The Manuscripts of William Heytersbury’s Regulae solvendi sophismata. Conclusions, Notes and Descritptions, “Philosophical Quarterly” 31 (1981).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Panaccio C., “Les mots, les concepts et les choses”, Paris 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Panaccio C., Semantics and Mental Language, [in:] “The Cambridge Companion to Ockham”, P.V Spade (ed.), Cambridge 1999.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Papiernik J., Metody matematyczne w badaniach z zakresu filozofii przyrody. Problem szybkości powstawania form w XIV-wiecznym traktacie „De sex inconvenientibus”, “Przegląd Tomistyczny” XXIII (2017).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Papiernik J., “Zmiany jakościowe i ich miara w traktacie O sześciu niedorzecznościach” (Research on Science & Natural Philosophy, vol. I), Łódź 2019.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Papiernik J., How to measure different movements? The 14th-century treatise ‘De sex inconvenientibus’, “Przegląd Tomistyczny” 25 (2019).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Perini D., Bibliographia Augustiniana. Cum notis biographicis Scriptores itali, vol. I A-C, Firenze: Typografia Sordomuti, 1929.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Pisano R., Capecchi D., “Tartaglia’s Science of Weights and Mechanics in the Sixteenth Century”, Dordrecht‒Heidelberg‒New York‒London 2016.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Plooij E.B., “Euclid’s Conception of Ratio and His Definition of Proportional Magnitudes as Citized by Arabian Commentators”, Rotterdam 1950.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Podkoński R., “Suisetica inania, Ryszarda Swinesheada spekulatywna nauka o ruchu lokalnym”, Łódź 2017.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Podkoński R., Richard Swineshead’s Liber calculationum in Italy: Some Remarks on Manuscripts, Editions and Dissemination, “Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie médiévales” LXXX/2 (2013).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Podkoński R., Richard Swineshead’s science of motion, Łódź 2019.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Podkoński R., Richard Swineshead’s De luminosis: natural philosophy from an Oxford Calculator, “Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie médiévales” LXXXII/2 (2015).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Podkoński R., Richard Swineshead’s Liber calculationum in Italy. The Codex Bibl. Naz San Marco, lat. VI226 and its Signiicance, “Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie médiévales” LXXXIV/2 (2017).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Podkoński R., The Opuscula de motu ascribed to Richard Swineshead. The testimony of the ongoing development of the Oxford Caluclators’ science of motion, [in:] “Quantifying Aristotle. The Impact, Spread, and Decline of the Calculatores Tradition”, D.A. di Liscia, E.D. Sylla (eds), Leiden-Boston (forthcoming).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rashed M., Natural philosohy, [in :] “The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy”, P. Adamson, R.C. Taylor (eds), Cambridge 2006.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Rebirth, reform and Resilence. Universities in Transition 1300–1700”, J.M. Kittelson, P.J. Transue (eds), Columbus (Ohio) 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rigg A.G., Two Latin Poems against the Friars, “Medieval Studies” 30 (1968).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rommevaux S., La détermination de la rapidité d’augmentation dans le ‘De sex inconvenientibus’: comparaison avec les développements sur le même sujet de William Heytesbury, [in :] “Miroir de l’amitié: mélanges offerts à Joël Biard”, Ch. Grellard (ed.), Paris 2017.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rommevaux S., Six inconvénients découlant de la règle du mouvement de Thomas Bradwardine dans un texte anonyme du XIVe siècle, [in:] “L’homme au risque de l’infini: Mélanges d’histoire et de philosophie des sciences offerts à Michel Blay”, M. Malpangotto, V. Jullien, E. Nicolaïdis (eds) (De diversis artibus, 93), Turnhout 2013.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rommevaux S., Un auteur anonyme du XIVe siècle, à Oxford, lecteur de Pierre de Maricourt, “Revue d’Histoire des Sciences” 61/1 (2014).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rommevaux-Tani S., A treatise on proportion in the tradition of Thomas Bradwardine: The De proportionibus libri duo of Jean Fernel, [in:] “Historia Mathematica” 40/2 (2013).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Rommevaux-Tani S., The study of local motion in the Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus: an example of inheritance from the Oxford ‘Calculatores’, [in:] “Quantifying Aristotle. The Rise and Decline of the Oxford Calculators”, D. De Liscia and E. Sylla (eds), Leiden 2020 (forthcoming).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sarnowsky J., The Oxford Calculatores, [in:] “Contemporary philosophy. A new survey”, vol. 1, Amsterdam 1990.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Science in the Middle Ages”, D. Lindberg (ed.), Chicago 1978.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Scientific Change”, A.C. Crombie (ed.), London 1963.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Serene E.F., Robert Grosseteste on Induction and Demonstrative Science, “Synthese” 40 (1979).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Spade P.V., “The Medieval Liar”, Toronto 1975.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Studies in Medieval Natural Philosophy”, S. Caroti (ed.), Firenze 1989.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E.D., The Oxford Calculators’ Middle Degree Theorem in Context, “Early Science and Medicine” 15/4 (2010).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., John of Dumbleton, [in:] “Complete dictionary of scientific biography”, vol. 7, 2008.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., “The Oxford Calculators and the Mathematics of Motion 1320-1350. Physics and Measurement by Latitudes”, New York 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., John Dumbleton, [in:] “Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy: Philosophy Between 500 and 1500”, H. Lagerlund (ed.), Dordrecht 2011.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., Mathematical physics in the work of the Oxford Calculators Roger Swineshead’s On Natural Motion, [in:] “Mathematics and Its Applications to Science and Natural Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Essays in Honor of Marchall Clagett” E. Grant, J.E. Murdoch (eds), Cambridge 1987, pp. 69-102
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., Medieval concept of the latitude of forms. The Oxford Calculators, “Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Litteraire du Moyen Age” 40 (1974).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., The Oxford calculators and mathematical physics: John Dumbleton’s “Summa logicae et philosophiae naturalis”, Parts II and III, [in:] “Physics, cosmology and astronomy, 1300-1700: tension and accommodation”, S. Unguru (ed.), (Boston studies in the philosophy of science, vol. 126), Dordrecht 1991.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E., The origin and fate of Thomas Bradwardine’s “De proportionibus velocitatum in motibus” in relation to the history of mathematics, [in:] “Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution”, W.R. Laird, S. Roux (eds), Dordrecht 2008.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E.D., Alvarus Thomas and the Role of Logic and Calculations in Sixteenth-Century Natural Philosophy, [in:] “Studies in Medieval Natural Philosophy”, S. Caroti (ed.), Firenze 1989.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E.D., Medieval Quantification of Qualities: the ‚Merton School’, “Archives for History of Exact Sciences” 8 (1971).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E.D., The Origin and Fate of Thomas Bradwardine’s De proportionibus velocitatum in motibus in Relation to the History of Mathematics, [in:] “Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution”, “Articles on Aristotle”.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E.D., Transmission of the New Physics of the Fourteenth century from England to the Continent, [in:] “La nouvelle Physique de XIVe siècle” ed. by S. Caroti, P. Soufrin, Frenze 1997, pp. 65–110.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E.D., Walter Burley, [in:] “Routledge Encyclopedia for Philosophy”, vol. 1, London 1999, pp. 887–893.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Sylla E, Leibniz and the Calculatores, “Quantifying Aristotle. The Rise and Decline of the Oxford Calculators”, D. Di Liscia, E. Sylla (eds), (forthcoming).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Szabo A., “The Beginnings of Greek Mathematics”, Budapest 1978.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Tempus, Aevum, Aeternitas. La concettualizzazione del tempo nel pensiero tardomedievale”, L. Cova. G. Alliney (eds), Firenze 2000.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Text and Contexts in Ancient and Medieval Science. Studies on the Occasion of John E. Murdoch’s seventieth Birthday”, E.D. Sylla, M. McVaugh (eds), Leiden 1997.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle”, J. Barnes, (ed.), Cambridge 1995.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“The Cambridge Companion to Ockham”, P.V Spade (ed.), Cambridge 1999.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Desintegration of Scholasticism”, N. Kretzmann, A. Kenny, J. Pinborg (eds), Cambridge 1982.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“The Critical Problems in the History of Science”, M. Clagett (ed.), Madison 1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“The Cultural Context of Medieval Learning”, J.E. Murdoch, E.D. Sylla (eds), Dordrecht 1975.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“The History of the University of Oxford”, vol. 1: The early Oxford Schools, J.I. Catto (ed.), Oxford 1984; vol. 2: Late Medieval Oxford, J.I. Catto, R. Evans (eds), Oxford 1992.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Thorndike L., “History of Magic and Experimental Science”, vol. 1–3, New York 1923–1934.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

“Transformation and Tradition in the Sciences. Essays in honor of I. Bernard Cohen”, E. Mendelson (ed.), Cambridge 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Walker-Fernandez G., A New Source of Nicholas of Autrecourt’s Quaestio: The Anonymous Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus, “Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale” 55 (2013), pp. 57–69.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Walsh K., “A Fourteenth-Century Scholar and Primate Richard FitzRalph in Oxford, Avignon and Armagh”, Oxford 1981.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J., The place of John Dumbleton in the Merton school, “Isis” 50 (1959).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., Curriculum of the Faculty of Arts at Oxford in the Early Fourteenth Century, “Medieval Studies” 26 (1964).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., Developments in the Arts Curriculum at Oxford in the Early Fourteenth Century, “Medieval Studies” 28 (1966).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., “Early fourteenth century physics of the Merton ‘school’: with special reference to Dumbleton and Heytesbury”, 2 vols. (Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., Ockham and some Mertonians, “Medieval Studies” 30 (1968).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., Ockham and the Mertonians, [in:] “The History of the University of Oxford”, T.H. Aston (ed.), Oxford 1984.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., Repretorium Mertonense, “Medieval Studies” 31 (1969).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., The Concept of Scientific Knowledge in Greek Philosohy, [in:] “Mélanges a’ la mémoire de Charles de Koninck”, Quebec 1968.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., “The Development of Physical Theory in the Middle Ages”, London 1959.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., The Interpretation of Aristotle’s Physics and the Science of Motion, [in:] “The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Desintegration of Scholasticism”, N. Kretzmann, A. Kenny, J. Pinborg (eds), Cambridge 1982.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Weisheipl J.A., The place of John Dumbleton in the Merton School, “Isis” 50 (1959).
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Wilson C., “William Heytesbury. Medieval Logic and the Rise of Mathematical Physics”, Madison 1960.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

Wolff M., Philoponus and the Rise of Preclassical Dynamics, [in:] “Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science”, R. Sorabji (ed.), London 1987.
Zobacz w Google Scholar

okladka

Pobrania

Opublikowane

19 grudnia 2020

Szczegóły dotyczące dostępnego formatu publikacji: ISBN

ISBN

ISBN-13 (15)

978-83-8220-327-1

Szczegóły dotyczące dostępnego formatu publikacji: ISBN (e-book)

ISBN (e-book)

ISBN-13 (15)

978-83-8220-328-8